What Agreement Did Northern And Southern Delegates Make Over Trade

    The committee presented its report on 5 July, but the compromise was not adopted immediately by the Convention. Over the next 11 days, the Convention was finalized when delegates tried to win as many votes as possible for their states. [100] On July 6, a five-member committee was set up to assign a number of representatives to each state. He called for a 56-member House of Representatives and used “the number of blacks and whites with some reference to so-called wealth” as the basis for assigning representatives to each state. The northern states had 30 representatives, while the southern states had 26. Delegates from non-slave states refused to count slaves because they could not vote. [101] [102] As he awaited the official start of Congress, Madison outlined his original proposal, known as the Virginia Plan, which reflected his views as a strong nationalist. Delegates from Virginia and Pennsylvania approved Madison`s plan and formed the dominant coalition within the Convention. [39] The plan was inspired by national governments and was drafted in the form of fifteen resolutions setting out the fundamental principles. The system of mutual control that was to be at the heart of the U.S. Constitution was missing. [40] It called for the creation of a supreme national government and was a radical abandonment of the statutes of confederation.

    [41] On May 29, Virginia Governor Edmund Randolph presented the Virginia Plan to Congress. [42] On June 18, Alexander Hamilton of New York presented his own plan, which was at odds with the plans of Virginia and New Jersey. He called for the constitution of the British government to be rebuilt. The bicameral law included a lower house called the Assembly, elected by the people for three years. The people elected voters who would elect members of a Senate who served for life. Voters would also choose a single executive called governor, who would also serve for life. The governor would have an absolute veto over bills. There would also be a national justice whose members would serve for life. Mr. Hamilton called for the abolition of states (or at least their reduction to lower courts with limited powers). Some scholars have suggested that Hamilton presented this radical plan to ensure the adoption of the Virginia plan by making it comparable. The plan was so much in line with political reality that it was not even discussed, and Hamilton would be troubled for years by accusations of monarchistism.

    [89] [44] On the issue of proportional representation, the three major states still faced opposition from the eight small states.

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