For trade in services, investment and e-commerce, a draft text of 7 July 2013 was leaked in March 2014 by the German newspaper “Die Zeit”. The leaked text contains seven chapters. In Chapter 1, Article 1 mentions the overall objective of a “better climate for the development of trade and investment,” in particular “liberalisation of investment and cooperation in the field of e-commerce.”  – establishing compatible regulatory systems in key sectors to address regulatory differences that unnecessarily limit trade; A form of transatlantic free trade area was proposed by German Chancellor Angela Merkel in the 1990s and again in 2006 in response to the collapse of the Doha global trade negotiations. However, protectionism on both sides can be an obstacle to future agreements.   It was first launched in 1990, when, shortly after the end of the Cold War, the world was no longer divided into two blocs: the European Community (12 countries) and the United States a “transatlantic declaration”. This necessitated the sustainability of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, as well as annual summits, semi-annual meetings between ministers of state and more frequent meetings between politicians and senior officials. Achieving an ambitious economic agreement between us would send a strong message to the rest of the world that we have a leadership position in the development of global economic governance in line with our values. This is our second dispute with the claimed benefits. The ECORYS study`s forecasts of the benefits of NTB liberalisation show that benefits depend to a large extent on the liberalization of all sectors. In their words, “sectoral interdependencies strongly influence results.” Compared to the literature, the short-sighted effects presented in Table 1 are slightly lower than the longer-term estimates circulating in the previous literature (Felbermayer 2016). In the short term, we expect GDP to increase by 1.3% for the EU and 0.79% for the United States for mini-TTIP. Other studies show, on average, that the benefits of TTIP represent about 2% of GDP for the EU and about 2% of GDP for the United States.
While short-term benefits already appear to cover most of the adjustment, it makes sense that the benefits of long-term studies should be slightly higher, as they also take into account technological updates and innovation, foreign direct investment, migration and trade diversion, which can increase all short-term benefits.